# Four fundamental operations of whole numbers

When students are using manipulatives, encourage them to search the entire "field" to make sure they are aware of all the objects with which they must work. Four of these objects could be placed in the first of the three smaller sections and 2 more placed in the second section. The order of operations is an approach to evaluating expressions that involve multiple arithmetic operations. A ratio of two numbers—a numerator and a denominator—usually written one above the other and separated by a horizontal bar.

Emphasize concept development rather than process or rote memorization. He or she may use any combination of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For the above expression, for example, all mathematicians would agree that the correct answer is 10. Small flip charts can be provided at a student's desk, with cues for steps in particular types of problems as a reference or reminder. Magnets can be used on a small cookie sheet or magnet board to form groups for addition or subtraction problems. Division , unlike multiplication, is not commutative. Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired.

## The Four Basic Mathematical Operations

To do so, we multiply the fractions in the denominator together and simplify the result by reducing it to lowest terms:. Electronic calculators have made these and other operations simple to perform, but these devices can also create a dependency that makes really understanding mathematics quite difficult. The student can be given a specific number of cubes, and asked to count them; then the student can be given a second group of cubes which are counted and attached to the first group.

It is very important that students see mathematics, and the calculations they perform, as part of their daily life. Similarly, as addition and subtraction are of equal precedence, we can think of subtracting a number as the same as adding the negative of that number. Each row above represents a box; in each row is six parts. The rules for dividing negative numbers are the same as those for multiplication: Here we have an expression that involves subtraction, parentheses, multiplication, addition, and exponentiation.

## Basic Number Facts and Operations

To multiply fractions, simply multiply the numerators by each other and the denominators by each other. Calculators can be a handy tool for checking answers, but if you rely too heavily on one, you may deprive yourself of the kind of rigorous mental exercises that will help you not just to do math, but to fully understand what you are doing. Students must find 3 combinations in a line which yield the same product. For example, a collection of small manipulatives can be placed in the larger section on the left of the tray. The result of multiplying two quantities. Popular Courses. Learning Objectives Describe exponents as representing repeated multiplication.

Exponentiation is used frequently in many fields, including economics, biology, chemistry, physics, and computer science, with applications such as compound interest, population growth, chemical reaction kinetics, wave behavior, and public key cryptography.

At first, provide examples for the student, then ask the student to provide his or her own examples which he or she sees as relevant uses of different operations. Thus, if we have nine squares and take away subtract five, we are left with four squares.