For the rest of the 19th century, Spain remained relatively stable, with industrial centres such as the Basque region and Catalonia experiencing significant economic growth while most of the rest of Spain remained poor.
Spain's prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, remained staid in the face of mounting evidence of financial and political corruption. In the same period Spain is once more engaged in war against Britain again as an ally of France, this time in support of the American colonies.
After four decades of violence, the militant Basque separatist group ETA, responsible for more than 800 deaths and for terrorizing Spanish society with its bombings and other attacks, announced a permanent cease-fire on March 24, 2006. However the Spanish empire in Latin America remains important and intact.
Rajoy—of receiving and distributing illegal funds. By late August, the number of migrants decreased. The provinces, in existence since 1833, originally served as transmission belts for the policies of the central government.
This, together with the difficult situation in Catalonia, which wanted to become independent, and the arrival of Italian fascism with Mussolini at its head, gave way to the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera after the coup d'etat that took place in Madrid in 1923.
This is politics at its most cynical. The Spanish-American war of 1898 results in total defeat and the loss of the last remnants of Spain's empire. There follows a typical piece of power play by Napoleon. He despatches an army for the purpose and summons Spanish envoys to Fontainebleau.
The administrative reform was done by Primo de Rivera and Calvo Sotelo , and it culminated in the Municipal Statute that allowed a certain autonomy that would permit the development of the municipalities, but it didn't accept the universal suffrage which was very demanded by the people. The eventual terms of the peace, agreed at Utrecht in 1713, confirm Philip V's tenure of the Spanish throne and his rule also over Spanish America but the Spanish possessions in the Netherlands and northern Italy go to the Habsburgs.
Spain's government appeal called for all of Spain, not just one region, to decide on the future of the country. Spain's government refused to acknowledge the vote, calling it invalid. They escape with their lives only when it is agreed that Charles will abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand, and that the hated Godoy will be imprisoned and brought to trial.
In the following year the regions of the north and east Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia declare themselves for the Habsburg cause and are occupied by imperial troops - who even advance far enough to seize Madrid for two months during the summer of 1706.
More than thirty French officers and hundreds of soldiers and civilians are killed or wounded before order is restored.